ELIZA cgi-bash version rev. 1.90
- Medical English LInking keywords finder for the PubMed Zipped Archive (ELIZA) -

return kwic search for function out of >500 occurrences
288503 occurrences (No.86 in the rank) during 5 years in the PubMed. [cache]
254) Its function in the central nervous system (CNS) remains unknown.
--- ABSTRACT ---
PMID:24468826 DOI:10.1038/mp.2013.192
2015 Molecular psychiatry
* FGF-21, a novel metabolic regulator, has a robust neuroprotective role and is markedly elevated in neurons by mood stabilizers.
- Fibroblast growth factor-21 (FGF-21) is a new member of the FGF super-family and an important endogenous regulator of glucose and lipid metabolism. It has been proposed as a therapeutic target for diabetes and obesity. Its function in the central nervous system (CNS) remains unknown. Previous studies from our laboratory demonstrated that aging primary neurons are more vulnerable to glutamate-induced excitotoxicity, and that co-treatment with the mood stabilizers lithium and valproic acid (VPA) induces synergistic neuroprotective effects. This study sought to identify molecule(s) involved in these synergistic effects. We found that FGF-21 mRNA was selectively and markedly elevated by co-treatment with lithium and VPA in primary rat brain neurons. FGF-21 protein levels were also robustly increased in neuronal lysates and culture medium following lithium-VPA co-treatment. Combining glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) inhibitors with VPA or histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors with lithium synergistically increased FGF-21 mRNA levels, supporting that synergistic effects of lithium and VPA are mediated via GSK-3 and HDAC inhibition, respectively. Exogenous FGF-21 protein completely protected aging neurons from glutamate challenge. This neuroprotection was associated with enhanced Akt-1 activation and GSK-3 inhibition. Lithium-VPA co-treatment markedly prolonged lithium-induced Akt-1 activation and augmented GSK-3 inhibition. Akt-1 knockdown markedly decreased FGF-21 mRNA levels and reduced the neuroprotection induced by FGF-21 or lithium-VPA co-treatment. In addition, FGF-21 knockdown reduced lithium-VPA co-treatment-induced Akt-1 activation and neuroprotection against excitotoxicity. Together, our novel results suggest that FGF-21 is a key mediator of the effects of these mood stabilizers and a potential new therapeutic target for CNS disorders.
[frequency of next (right) word to function]
(1)94 of (10)7 with (19)3 for (28)2 leading
(2)74 *null* (11)5 during (20)3 has (29)2 mutations
(3)53 and (12)5 tests (21)3 over (30)2 on
(4)47 in (13)5 that (22)3 relationships (31)2 or
(5)17 was (14)4 among (23)2 at (32)2 physical
(6)12 as (15)4 to (24)2 but (33)2 relationship
(7)12 is (16)4 which (25)2 can (34)2 remains
(8)7 Index (17)3 after (26)2 could (35)2 using
(9)7 were (18)3 by (27)2 grades

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--- WordNet output for function --- =>1.機能, 関数, 役割, 働き, 2.機能する, 作用する, 働く, 役目を果たす, 3.社交的会合, パーティー, 儀式 Overview of noun function The noun function has 7 senses (first 3 from tagged texts) 1. (43) function, mathematical function, single-valued function, map, mapping -- ((mathematics) a mathematical relation such that each element of a given set (the domain of the function) is associated with an element of another set (the range of the function)) 2. (24) function, purpose, role, use -- (what something is used for; "the function of an auger is to bore holes"; "ballet is beautiful but what use is it?") 3. (7) function, office, part, role -- (the actions and activities assigned to or required or expected of a person or group; "the function of a teacher"; "the government must do its part"; "play its role") 4. function -- (a relation such that one thing is dependent on another; "height is a function of age"; "price is a function of supply and demand") 5. function -- (a formal or official social gathering or ceremony; "it was a black-tie function") 6. affair, occasion, social occasion, function, social function -- (a vaguely specified social event; "the party was quite an affair"; "an occasion arranged to honor the president"; "a seemingly endless round of social functions") 7. routine, subroutine, subprogram, procedure, function -- (a set sequence of steps, part of larger computer program) Overview of verb function The verb function has 3 senses (first 3 from tagged texts) 1. (9) function, work, operate, go, run -- (perform as expected when applied; "The washing machine won't go unless it's plugged in"; "Does this old car still run well?"; "This old radio doesn't work anymore") 2. (3) serve, function -- (serve a purpose, role, or function; "The tree stump serves as a table"; "The female students served as a control group"; "This table would serve very well"; "His freedom served him well"; "The table functions as a desk") 3. (1) officiate, function -- (perform duties attached to a particular office or place or function; "His wife officiated as his private secretary") --- WordNet end ---