ELIZA cgi-bash version rev. 1.90
- Medical English LInking keywords finder for the PubMed Zipped Archive (ELIZA) -

return kwic search for function out of >500 occurrences
288503 occurrences (No.86 in the rank) during 5 years in the PubMed. [cache]
416) Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) share brain function abnormalities during cognitive flexibility.
--- ABSTRACT ---
PMID:24451919 DOI:10.1093/cercor/bht365
2015 Cerebral cortex (New York, N.Y. : 1991)
* Inverse Effect of Fluoxetine on Medial Prefrontal Cortex Activation During Reward Reversal in ADHD and Autism.
- Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) share brain function abnormalities during cognitive flexibility. Serotonin is involved in both disorders, and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) can modulate cognitive flexibility and improve behavior in both disorders. Thus, this study investigates shared and disorder-specific brain dysfunctions in these 2 disorders during reward reversal, and the acute effects of an SSRI on these. Age-matched boys with ADHD (15), ASD (18), and controls (21) were compared with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) during a reversal task. Patients were scanned twice, under either an acute dose of Fluoxetine or placebo in a double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized design. Repeated-measures analyses within patients assessed drug effects. Patients under each drug condition were compared with controls to assess normalization effects. fMRI data showed that, under placebo, ASD boys underactivated medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), compared with control and ADHD boys. Both patient groups shared decreased precuneus activation. Under Fluoxetine, mPFC activation was up-regulated and normalized in ASD boys relative to controls, but down-regulated in ADHD boys relative to placebo, which was concomitant with worse task performance in ADHD. Fluoxetine therefore has inverse effects on mPFC activation in ASD and ADHD during reversal learning, suggesting dissociated underlying serotonin abnormalities.
[frequency of next (right) word to function]
(1)94 of (10)7 with (19)3 for (28)2 leading
(2)74 *null* (11)5 during (20)3 has (29)2 mutations
(3)53 and (12)5 tests (21)3 over (30)2 on
(4)47 in (13)5 that (22)3 relationships (31)2 or
(5)17 was (14)4 among (23)2 at (32)2 physical
(6)12 as (15)4 to (24)2 but (33)2 relationship
(7)12 is (16)4 which (25)2 can (34)2 remains
(8)7 Index (17)3 after (26)2 could (35)2 using
(9)7 were (18)3 by (27)2 grades

add keyword

--- WordNet output for function --- =>1.機能, 関数, 役割, 働き, 2.機能する, 作用する, 働く, 役目を果たす, 3.社交的会合, パーティー, 儀式 Overview of noun function The noun function has 7 senses (first 3 from tagged texts) 1. (43) function, mathematical function, single-valued function, map, mapping -- ((mathematics) a mathematical relation such that each element of a given set (the domain of the function) is associated with an element of another set (the range of the function)) 2. (24) function, purpose, role, use -- (what something is used for; "the function of an auger is to bore holes"; "ballet is beautiful but what use is it?") 3. (7) function, office, part, role -- (the actions and activities assigned to or required or expected of a person or group; "the function of a teacher"; "the government must do its part"; "play its role") 4. function -- (a relation such that one thing is dependent on another; "height is a function of age"; "price is a function of supply and demand") 5. function -- (a formal or official social gathering or ceremony; "it was a black-tie function") 6. affair, occasion, social occasion, function, social function -- (a vaguely specified social event; "the party was quite an affair"; "an occasion arranged to honor the president"; "a seemingly endless round of social functions") 7. routine, subroutine, subprogram, procedure, function -- (a set sequence of steps, part of larger computer program) Overview of verb function The verb function has 3 senses (first 3 from tagged texts) 1. (9) function, work, operate, go, run -- (perform as expected when applied; "The washing machine won't go unless it's plugged in"; "Does this old car still run well?"; "This old radio doesn't work anymore") 2. (3) serve, function -- (serve a purpose, role, or function; "The tree stump serves as a table"; "The female students served as a control group"; "This table would serve very well"; "His freedom served him well"; "The table functions as a desk") 3. (1) officiate, function -- (perform duties attached to a particular office or place or function; "His wife officiated as his private secretary") --- WordNet end ---