ELIZA cgi-bash version rev. 1.90
- Medical English LInking keywords finder for the PubMed Zipped Archive (ELIZA) -

return kwic search for function out of >500 occurrences
288503 occurrences (No.86 in the rank) during 5 years in the PubMed. [cache]
421) Discriminant function analysis revealed that blue mussel hemocytes were able to discriminate the toxicity of QDs, Cd, Te, and Cd-Te mixture (Partial Wilk's λ = 0.021 and p < 0.0001).
--- ABSTRACT ---
PMID:23893621 DOI:10.1002/tox.21890
2015 Environmental toxicology
* In vitro immunotoxicology of quantum dots and comparison with dissolved cadmium and tellurium.
- The increasing use of products derived from nanotechnology has raised concerns about their potential toxicity, especially at the immunocompetence level in organisms. This study compared the immunotoxicity of cadmium sulfate/cadmium telluride (CdS/Cd-Te) mixture quantum dots (QDs) and their dissolved components, cadmium chloride (CdCl2 )/sodium telluride (NaTeO3 ) salts, and a CdCl2 /NaTeO3 mixture on four animal models commonly used in risk assessment studies: one bivalve (Mytilus edulis), one fish (Oncorhynchus mykiss), and two mammals (mice and humans). Our results of viability and phagocytosis biomarkers revealed that QDs were more toxic than dissolved metals for blue mussels. For other species, dissolved metals (Cd, Te, and Cd-Te mixture) were more toxic than the nanoparticles (NPs). The most sensitive species toward QDs, according to innate immune cells, was humans (inhibitory concentration [IC50 ] = 217 μg/mL). However, for adaptative immunity, lymphoblastic transformation in mice was decreased for small QD concentrations (EC50 = 4 μg/mL), and was more sensitive than other model species tested. Discriminant function analysis revealed that blue mussel hemocytes were able to discriminate the toxicity of QDs, Cd, Te, and Cd-Te mixture (Partial Wilk's λ = 0.021 and p < 0.0001). For rainbow trout and human cells, the immunotoxic effects of QDs were similar to those obtained with the dissolved fraction of Cd and Te mixture. For mice, the toxicity of QDs markedly differed from those observed with Cd, Te, and dissolved Cd-Te mixture. The results also suggest that aquatic species responded more differently than vertebrates to these compounds. The results lead to the recommendation that mussels and mice were most able to discriminate the effects of Cd-based NPs from the effects of dissolved Cd and Te at the immunocompetence level.
[frequency of next (right) word to function]
(1)94 of (10)7 with (19)3 for (28)2 leading
(2)74 *null* (11)5 during (20)3 has (29)2 mutations
(3)53 and (12)5 tests (21)3 over (30)2 on
(4)47 in (13)5 that (22)3 relationships (31)2 or
(5)17 was (14)4 among (23)2 at (32)2 physical
(6)12 as (15)4 to (24)2 but (33)2 relationship
(7)12 is (16)4 which (25)2 can (34)2 remains
(8)7 Index (17)3 after (26)2 could (35)2 using
(9)7 were (18)3 by (27)2 grades

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--- WordNet output for function --- =>1.機能, 関数, 役割, 働き, 2.機能する, 作用する, 働く, 役目を果たす, 3.社交的会合, パーティー, 儀式 Overview of noun function The noun function has 7 senses (first 3 from tagged texts) 1. (43) function, mathematical function, single-valued function, map, mapping -- ((mathematics) a mathematical relation such that each element of a given set (the domain of the function) is associated with an element of another set (the range of the function)) 2. (24) function, purpose, role, use -- (what something is used for; "the function of an auger is to bore holes"; "ballet is beautiful but what use is it?") 3. (7) function, office, part, role -- (the actions and activities assigned to or required or expected of a person or group; "the function of a teacher"; "the government must do its part"; "play its role") 4. function -- (a relation such that one thing is dependent on another; "height is a function of age"; "price is a function of supply and demand") 5. function -- (a formal or official social gathering or ceremony; "it was a black-tie function") 6. affair, occasion, social occasion, function, social function -- (a vaguely specified social event; "the party was quite an affair"; "an occasion arranged to honor the president"; "a seemingly endless round of social functions") 7. routine, subroutine, subprogram, procedure, function -- (a set sequence of steps, part of larger computer program) Overview of verb function The verb function has 3 senses (first 3 from tagged texts) 1. (9) function, work, operate, go, run -- (perform as expected when applied; "The washing machine won't go unless it's plugged in"; "Does this old car still run well?"; "This old radio doesn't work anymore") 2. (3) serve, function -- (serve a purpose, role, or function; "The tree stump serves as a table"; "The female students served as a control group"; "This table would serve very well"; "His freedom served him well"; "The table functions as a desk") 3. (1) officiate, function -- (perform duties attached to a particular office or place or function; "His wife officiated as his private secretary") --- WordNet end ---