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- Medical English LInking keywords finder for the PubMed Zipped Archive (ELIZA) -

return kwic search for gene out of >500 occurrences
403337 occurrences (No.43 in the rank) during 5 years in the PubMed. [cache]
318) We observed an extremely high frequency of PIK3CA gene alterations (mutations, copy gains, or both) in tumor samples, affecting primarily T1 and T2 tumors.
--- ABSTRACT ---
PMID:24347284 DOI:10.1002/mc.22125
2015 Molecular carcinogenesis
* PIK3CA gene alterations in bladder cancer are frequent and associate with reduced recurrence in non-muscle invasive tumors.
- Bladder cancer (BC) is the fifth most common cancer in the world, being the non-muscle invasive tumors (NMIBC) the most frequent. NMIBC shows a very high frequency of recurrence and, in certain cases, tumor progression. The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway, which controls cell growth, tumorigenesis, cell invasion and drug response, is frequently activated in numerous human cancers, including BC, in part through alterations of PIK3CA gene. However, the significance of PIK3CA gene alterations with respect to clinicopathological characteristics, and in particular tumor recurrence and progression, remains elusive. Here, we analyzed the presence of mutations in FGFR3 and PIK3CA genes and copy number alterations of PIK3CA gene in bladder tumor and their correspondent paired normal samples from 87 patients. We observed an extremely high frequency of PIK3CA gene alterations (mutations, copy gains, or both) in tumor samples, affecting primarily T1 and T2 tumors. A significant number of normal tissues also showed mutations and copy gains, being coincident with those found in the corresponding tumor sample. In low-grade tumors PIK3CA mutations associated with FGFR3 mutations. Alterations in PIK3CA gene resulted in increased Akt activity in tumors. Interestingly, the presence of PIK3CA gene alterations, and in particular gene mutations, is significantly associated with reduced recurrence of NMIBC patients. Importantly, the presence of FGFR3 mutations may influence the clinical outcome of patients bearing alterations in PIK3CA gene, and increased recurrence was associated to FGFR3 mutated, PIK3CA wt tumors. These findings may have high relevance in terms of using PI3K-targeted therapies for BC treatment.
[frequency of next (right) word to gene]
(1)75 expression (15)5 of (29)3 block (43)2 mutation
(2)34 order (16)5 transfer (30)3 can (44)2 on
(3)32 arrangement (17)5 were (31)3 contents (45)2 overlap
(4)31 and (18)4 activation (32)3 polymorphisms (46)2 peptide
(5)21 *null* (19)4 delivery (33)3 sequencing (47)2 profiling
(6)15 was (20)4 encoding (34)3 transcription (48)2 regions
(7)12 expression, (21)4 expressions (35)2 analysis (49)2 sequence
(8)9 arrangement, (22)4 fragments (36)2 carriers (50)2 sequences,
(9)7 composition (23)4 is (37)2 cluster (51)2 spookier
(10)7 organization (24)4 silencing (38)2 clusters (52)2 synteny
(11)7 sequences (25)4 to (39)2 content (53)2 therapy,
(12)5 flow (26)4 which (40)2 family (54)2 used
(13)5 for (27)3 alterations (41)2 from (55)2 uses
(14)5 in (28)3 as (42)2 has

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--- WordNet output for gene --- =>遺伝子 Overview of noun gene The noun gene has 1 sense (no senses from tagged texts) 1. gene, cistron, factor -- ((genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a polypeptide chain; it can include regions preceding and following the coding DNA as well as introns between the exons; it is considered a unit of heredity; "genes were formerly called factors") --- WordNet end ---