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return kwic search for gene out of >500 occurrences
403337 occurrences (No.43 in the rank) during 5 years in the PubMed. [cache]
373) We describe here the cloning and characterization of Halloween gene spookier (Lsspok, Lscyp307a2) in the small brown planthopper Laodelphax striatellus, a hemipteran insect species.
--- ABSTRACT ---
PMID:24282064 DOI:10.1111/1744-7917.12087
2015 Insect science
* RNA interference-mediated silencing of a Halloween gene spookier affects nymph performance in the small brown planthopper Laodelphax striatellus.
- Post-embryonic development of insects is highly dependent on ecdysteroid hormone 20-hydroxyecdysone. Halloween gene spookier (spok, cyp307a2) has been documented to be involved in ecdysteroidogenesis in Drosophila melanogaster and Bombyx mori. We describe here the cloning and characterization of Halloween gene spookier (Lsspok, Lscyp307a2) in the small brown planthopper Laodelphax striatellus, a hemipteran insect species. LsSPOK has three insect-conserved P450 motifs, that is, Helix-K, PERF motif and heme-binding domain. Temporal and spatial expression patterns of Lsspok were evaluated by quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Through the fouth-instar and the early fifth-instar stages, Lsspok showed two expression peaks in the second- and fifth-day fourth-instar nymphs, and two troughs in the first-day fourth and fifth instars. On day 5 of the fourth-instar nymphs, Lsspok clearly had a high transcript level in the thorax where prothoracic glands were located. Dietary introduction of double-stranded RNA of Lsspok in the nymph stage successfully knocked down the target gene, decreased expression level of ecdysone receptor (LsEcR) gene, caused nymphal lethality and delayed development. Ingestion of 20-hydroxyecdysone in Lsspok-dsRNA-exposed nymphs did not increase Lsspok expression level, but almost completely rescued the LsEcR mRNA level and relieved the negative effects on survival and development. Thus, our data suggest that the ecdysteroidogenic pathway is conserved in insects and LsSPOK is responsible for specific steps in ecdysteroidogenesis in L. striatellus.
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(1)75 expression (15)5 of (29)3 block (43)2 mutation
(2)34 order (16)5 transfer (30)3 can (44)2 on
(3)32 arrangement (17)5 were (31)3 contents (45)2 overlap
(4)31 and (18)4 activation (32)3 polymorphisms (46)2 peptide
(5)21 *null* (19)4 delivery (33)3 sequencing (47)2 profiling
(6)15 was (20)4 encoding (34)3 transcription (48)2 regions
(7)12 expression, (21)4 expressions (35)2 analysis (49)2 sequence
(8)9 arrangement, (22)4 fragments (36)2 carriers (50)2 sequences,
(9)7 composition (23)4 is (37)2 cluster (51)2 spookier
(10)7 organization (24)4 silencing (38)2 clusters (52)2 synteny
(11)7 sequences (25)4 to (39)2 content (53)2 therapy,
(12)5 flow (26)4 which (40)2 family (54)2 used
(13)5 for (27)3 alterations (41)2 from (55)2 uses
(14)5 in (28)3 as (42)2 has

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--- WordNet output for gene --- =>遺伝子 Overview of noun gene The noun gene has 1 sense (no senses from tagged texts) 1. gene, cistron, factor -- ((genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a polypeptide chain; it can include regions preceding and following the coding DNA as well as introns between the exons; it is considered a unit of heredity; "genes were formerly called factors") --- WordNet end ---