ELIZA cgi-bash version rev. 1.90
- Medical English LInking keywords finder for the PubMed Zipped Archive (ELIZA) -

return kwic search for increase out of >500 occurrences
611425 occurrences (No.13 in the rank) during 5 years in the PubMed. [cache]
20) In tolerant animals, a significant increase in GFAP and TNFα levels was observed in the lumbar spinal cord, and was reversed to control levels by 100 mg/kg SKE.
--- ABSTRACT ---
PMID:23943205 DOI:10.1007/s11418-013-0796-6
2015 Journal of natural medicines
* Satureja khuzestanica prevents the development of morphine analgesic tolerance through suppression of spinal glial cell activation in rats.
- Glial cell activation and oxidative stress are important factors in the induction of opioid side effects such as tolerance and dependence. It has been demonstrated that Satureja khuzistanica extract (SKE) has antioxidative, antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory properties; however, its influences on opioid analgesic tolerance have not yet been clarified. Adult male Wistar rats were rendered analgesic-tolerant by injection of 10 mg/kg morphine twice daily for 8 days. To determine the effect of SKE on the development of morphine tolerance, different doses of SKE (25, 50 and 100 mg/kg i.p.) were injected simultaneously with morphine. The tail-flick test was used to assess the nociceptive threshold. The lumbar spinal cord was assayed to determine glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) levels by the Western blotting method. Our results showed that chronic morphine produced tolerance to the antinociceptive effect of morphine. However, SKE could prevent, in a dose-dependent manner, morphine tolerance development. In tolerant animals, a significant increase in GFAP and TNFα levels was observed in the lumbar spinal cord, and was reversed to control levels by 100 mg/kg SKE. Our data revealed that Satureja khuzistanica had beneficial effects in preventing opioid tolerance and the underlying mechanisms of those effects may be due, at least in part, to reduce spinal glial cell activation.
[frequency of next (right) word to increase]
(1)259 in (7)6 during (13)3 drug (19)2 ROM
(2)55 the (8)5 was (14)3 from (20)2 between
(3)36 of (9)5 with (15)3 or (21)2 chlamydia
(4)10 *null* (10)4 life (16)3 susceptibility (22)2 could
(5)7 physical (11)3 at (17)3 their (23)2 observed
(6)6 and (12)3 awareness (18)2 (P (24)2 our

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--- WordNet output for increase --- =>大きくなる, を増す, 増大させる, 強まる, 増加, 増える, 増やす Overview of noun increase The noun increase has 5 senses (first 5 from tagged texts) 1. (49) addition, increase, gain -- (a quantity that is added; "there was an addition to property taxes this year"; "they recorded the cattle's gain in weight over a period of weeks") 2. (21) increase -- (a change resulting in an increase; "the increase is scheduled for next month") 3. (7) increase, increment, growth -- (a process of becoming larger or longer or more numerous or more important; "the increase in unemployment"; "the growth of population") 4. (3) increase, increment -- (the amount by which something increases; "they proposed an increase of 15 percent in the fare") 5. (3) increase, step-up -- (the act of increasing something; "he gave me an increase in salary") Overview of verb increase The verb increase has 2 senses (first 2 from tagged texts) 1. (86) increase -- (become bigger or greater in amount; "The amount of work increased") 2. (61) increase -- (make bigger or more; "The boss finally increased her salary"; "The university increased the number of students it admitted") --- WordNet end ---