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- Medical English LInking keywords finder for the PubMed Zipped Archive (ELIZA) -

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421954 occurrences (No.40 in the rank) during 5 years in the PubMed. [cache]
349) Intervention strategies to reduce the burden of diabetic foot disease must target dialysis patients as a high-risk group.
--- ABSTRACT ---
PMID:24103293 DOI:10.1111/iwj.12146
2015 International wound journal
* Amputations and foot-related hospitalisations disproportionately affect dialysis patients.
- Patients with diabetes have increased risk for foot ulcers, amputations and hospitalisations. We evaluated a closed cohort of patients with diabetes and established risk factors in two high risk groups: (i) dialysis patients and (ii) patients with previous foot ulceration. We used claims data for diabetes (ICD-9 250.X), ulceration (ICD-9 707·10, 707·14 and 707·15) and dialysis (CPT 90935-90937) from the Scott and White Health Plan to identify 150 consecutive patients with diabetes on dialysis (dialysis group) and 150 patients with a history of foot ulceration (ulcer history group). We verified these diagnoses by manually reviewing corresponding electronic medical records. Each patient was provided 30 months follow-up period. The incidence of foot ulcers was the same in dialysis patients and patients with an ulcer history (210 per 1000 person-years). The amputation incidence rate was higher in dialysis patients (58·0 versus 13·3, P < 0·001). Hospital admission was common in both study groups. The incidence of hospitalisation was higher in the ulcer history group (477·3 versus 381·3, P < 0·001); however, there were more foot-related hospital admissions in the dialysis group (32·9% versus 14·0%, P < 0·001) during the 30-month evaluation period. The incidence of ulcers, amputations and all-cause hospitalisations is high in persons with diabetes and a history of foot ulceration or on dialysis treatment; however, those on dialysis treatment have disproportionately higher rates of foot-related hospitalisations. Intervention strategies to reduce the burden of diabetic foot disease must target dialysis patients as a high-risk group.
[frequency of next (right) word to risk]
(1)138 of (9)9 in (17)4 factors, (25)2 managers
(2)72 factors (10)7 group (18)4 stratification (26)2 mortality
(3)40 for (11)6 ratio (19)4 was (27)2 perception
(4)24 factor (12)5 behavior (20)3 groups (28)2 rates
(5)23 and (13)5 is (21)3 infants (29)2 the
(6)16 *null* (14)5 patients (22)2 among
(7)13 assessment (15)5 to (23)2 during
(8)10 score (16)4 areas (24)2 estimators

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--- WordNet output for risk --- =>1.損害の恐れ, 危険, 冒険, リスク, 2.危険にさらす, 3.敢えてする, 被保険者, 被保険物, 危険にさらす, 賭けてみる Overview of noun risk The noun risk has 4 senses (first 2 from tagged texts) 1. (4) hazard, jeopardy, peril, risk, endangerment -- (a source of danger; a possibility of incurring loss or misfortune; "drinking alcohol is a health hazard") 2. (2) risk, peril, danger -- (a venture undertaken without regard to possible loss or injury; "he saw the rewards but not the risks of crime"; "there was a danger he would do the wrong thing") 3. risk, risk of infection -- (the probability of becoming infected given that exposure to an infectious agent has occurred) 4. risk, risk of exposure -- (the probability of being exposed to an infectious agent) Overview of verb risk The verb risk has 2 senses (first 2 from tagged texts) 1. (8) risk, put on the line, lay on the line -- (expose to a chance of loss or damage; "We risked losing a lot of money in this venture"; "Why risk your life?"; "She laid her job on the line when she told the boss that he was wrong") 2. (2) gamble, chance, risk, hazard, take chances, adventure, run a risk, take a chance -- (take a risk in the hope of a favorable outcome; "When you buy these stocks you are gambling") --- WordNet end ---