ELIZA cgi-bash version rev. 1.90
- Medical English LInking keywords finder for the PubMed Zipped Archive (ELIZA) -

return kwic search for risk out of >500 occurrences
421954 occurrences (No.40 in the rank) during 5 years in the PubMed. [cache]
389) After polypectomy a risk stratification for aftercare based on endoscopic and histological findings is necessary.
--- ABSTRACT ---
PMID:23846540 DOI:10.1055/s-0032-1328567
2015 Zentralblatt fur Chirurgie
* [Colon Polypectomy - And Then?].
- Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the most frequent gastrointestinal tumour. Most CRC appear to arise from adenomas of the colon in a period of 10 or 15 years. The ultimately progression of benign adenomas to malignant CRC is known as the adenoma-carcinoma sequence. In addition, the description of the "serrated pathway" has shifted the focus of interest also towards to sessile serrated adenomas and traditional serrated adenomas in the development of CRC. It has been proven that the screening colonoscopy might prevent CRC by early detection of adenomatous polyps as precursors for colorectal cancer and polypectomy. Thus, disease-associated mortality of CRC could be reduced. Colonoscopy, the gold standard in CRC diagnosis, is recommended to men and women from the age of 55. On the one hand, there are requirements to the endoscopists. On the other hand there are also essential requirements to pathologists' findings. After polypectomy a risk stratification for aftercare based on endoscopic and histological findings is necessary. Endoscopic follow-up of high-risk patients (≥ 3 tubular adenomas, ≥ 1 adenoma ≥ 1 cm, tubulovillous or villous adenoma, ≥ 1 adenoma with high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia, ≥ 10 adenoma no matter what size or histological findings) should be done sooner (< 3 years). In contrast, colonoscopy in low-risk patients (1 or 2 [tubular] adenomas, size < 1 cm) should be performed later rather than sooner (> 5 years). Colonoscopic surveys under 12 months should be done only in exceptional and very serious situations. Pharmaceutical chemoprevention of adenomas or CRC are still part of clinical trails. More data are necessary.
[frequency of next (right) word to risk]
(1)138 of (9)9 in (17)4 factors, (25)2 managers
(2)72 factors (10)7 group (18)4 stratification (26)2 mortality
(3)40 for (11)6 ratio (19)4 was (27)2 perception
(4)24 factor (12)5 behavior (20)3 groups (28)2 rates
(5)23 and (13)5 is (21)3 infants (29)2 the
(6)16 *null* (14)5 patients (22)2 among
(7)13 assessment (15)5 to (23)2 during
(8)10 score (16)4 areas (24)2 estimators

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--- WordNet output for risk --- =>1.損害の恐れ, 危険, 冒険, リスク, 2.危険にさらす, 3.敢えてする, 被保険者, 被保険物, 危険にさらす, 賭けてみる Overview of noun risk The noun risk has 4 senses (first 2 from tagged texts) 1. (4) hazard, jeopardy, peril, risk, endangerment -- (a source of danger; a possibility of incurring loss or misfortune; "drinking alcohol is a health hazard") 2. (2) risk, peril, danger -- (a venture undertaken without regard to possible loss or injury; "he saw the rewards but not the risks of crime"; "there was a danger he would do the wrong thing") 3. risk, risk of infection -- (the probability of becoming infected given that exposure to an infectious agent has occurred) 4. risk, risk of exposure -- (the probability of being exposed to an infectious agent) Overview of verb risk The verb risk has 2 senses (first 2 from tagged texts) 1. (8) risk, put on the line, lay on the line -- (expose to a chance of loss or damage; "We risked losing a lot of money in this venture"; "Why risk your life?"; "She laid her job on the line when she told the boss that he was wrong") 2. (2) gamble, chance, risk, hazard, take chances, adventure, run a risk, take a chance -- (take a risk in the hope of a favorable outcome; "When you buy these stocks you are gambling") --- WordNet end ---